Majdanek, or KL Lublin, was a German concentration and extermination camp built and operated by the SS on the outskirts of the city of Lublin during the German occupation of Poland in World War II. Although initially purposed for forced labor rather than extermination, the camp was used to kill people on an industrial scale during Operation Reinhardt, the German plan to murder all Jews within General Government territory of Poland. The camp finally operated from October 1, 1941, until July 22, 1944, when Lublin was captured by the Soviet Army. The official estimate of 78,000 victims, of those 59,000 Jews, was determined in 2005 by Tomasz Kranz, director of the Research Department of the State Museum at Majdanek.
ROUTE: The tour starts in Warsaw with car transfer to Lublin and State Museum at Majdanek memorial site (driving time: approximately 2-2.5 hours one way), visit to the Museum. Return to Warsaw. Optional lunch en route possible (not included in the tour fee).