Will we find the Bund Archive hidden in 1943?

After the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising the area of the battle was leveled to the ground….  In 1945 the former Ghetto was literally the ocean of rubbles estimated for 3 million cubic meters capacity. The new residential district was built on top of them after the war…. the basements of demolished houses as well as the sewers and underground shelters usually were not searched… How many mysteries and secrets are hidden underground?

Marek Edelman, the commander of military Jewish underground – Jewish Fighting Organisation (Polish: Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa – ZOB) and BUND member, who died in 2009 – personally dug the the party’s documents in the cellar of the building at 40 Swietojerska Street, shortly before the outbreak of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The building was standing next to the “Brush Workshop” area where he fought as the commander of ZOB units from April 19, 1943 (Warsaw Ghetto Uprising).

Due to almost total destruction, this area was aligned and changed after the war – the fighting area is now the property of the Chinese Embassy with beautiful Chinese Garden, former 40 Swietojerska Street house would now be located in expanded Krasinski Gardens…. one of the historic public parks in Warsaw…  The building foundations and basement walls still remain deep in the soil.

As the park has been recently revitalizing an idea to search for the Bund Archives was born. The documents have not been found so far but the cellars of the former building at 40 Swietojerska Street were excavated and revealed other secrets…. human remains found in the basements, a dried loaf of bread and a pot with grain were fairly uncommon discoveries. Two dozen objects recovered from the tenement site, still dusty with soil or rusted before conservation were displayed for the press conference in January 2014: a vacuum tube radio for receiving illegal wartime broadcasts, a child’s cup with colorful figures, a massive iron fitting that may have twisted in the building’s collapse and many others.

The works are to be continued….

What was found underground:

source of all photographs > TheMuseum of Warsaw > http://muzeumwarszawy.pl/poszukiwania-archiwum-bundu/

 

 

 

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Winter Evening of Light in Łazienki Royal Park

On March 1, 2014 the Museum in Łazienki Royal Park has opened the event called “Gardens of Light” – an international project aimed at showcasing the world’s most spectacular historic gardens and museums. The five unique royal residences specially selected for the project are the Royal Łazienki Museum in Warsaw, Prince Pückler Park in Bad Muskau (Germany), Tsarskoye Selo Museum in Saint Petersburg (Russia), Prince Kung’s Mansion in Beijing (China) and Château de Lunéville in France.

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The main goal of the Gardens of Light is to communicate to the public the aesthetic visions of 18th and 19th century architecture and garden design with their focus on a seamless blend of nature and art and strong connections to scientific discoveries and philosophical thought of the period.

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The first event in 2014 was the Winter Evening of Light – an evening walk in the gardens, lit by lanterns. During the walk, the guests had an opportunity to admire picturesque garden illuminations.OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

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Indian Summer in Warsaw

An Indian summer is a heat wave that occurs in the autumn. It refers to a period of considerably above normal temperatures, accompanied by dry and hazy conditions, usually after there has been a killing frost. Depending on latitude and elevation, it can occur in the Northern Hemisphere between late September and mid November.

historic Saxon Gardens in the city centre

historic Saxon Gardens in the city centre

In different countries people name it differently. In British English St. Martin’s Summer was the most widely used term until the American phrase became better known in the 20th century. In Welsh, it is known as Haf Bach Mihangel or (St.) Michael’s Little Summer. The phrase Saint Martin’s Summer is widely used in France.

Warsaw Park

Warsaw Park

In many Slavic-speaking countries, the season is called Old Ladies’ Summer: in Russia Babye Leto (Бабье лето), in Ukraine Babyne Lito (Бабине літо), in Czech Republic Babí léto, in Slovakia Babie leto, in Croatia Bablje ljeto and in Slovenia Babje leto. In Bulgaria, the phenomenon is sometimes called “Gypsy Summer” (Bulgarian: циганско лято, tsigansko lyato) and in some places “Gypsy Christmas”.

Warsaw Northern cemetery

Warsaw Northern cemetery

In Poland it is simply called “Golden Polish Autumn” or “Babie Lato” (Polish: Złota Polska Jesień, or Babie Lato).

In Warsaw – full of parks and green spaces – it is particularly beautiful… see for yourself and enjoy 🙂

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Warsaw out of Warsaw – Frederic Chopin monument

On 22 February 2010 the Polish Post introduced a new stamp „Year of Fryderyk Chopin”. The stamp won the plebiscite on the „most beautiful stamp of Warsaw’s motives”, organised by the Board of the Polish Union of Philatelists. Source: http://blog.radekjaworski.com/?p=256

Warsaw is a city in Poland … However, we can find the fragments of Warsaw all over the world – copies of statues, sculptures and even parts of Warsaw’s buildings scattered around the world. People living in countries where they can see the pieces of Warsaw every day, do not even know about their Polish origin.

FREDERIC CHOPIN MONUMENT

Frédéric Chopin (Polish: Fryderyk Chopin, also phonetically Szopen,  1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849) was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of French-Polish parentage. He is considered one of the great masters of Romantic music. Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola, a village in the Duchy of Warsaw, but he grew up in Warsaw and completed his music education there; he composed many mature works in Warsaw before leaving Poland in 1830 at age 20, shortly before the November 1830 Uprising. Following the Russian suppression of the Uprising, he settled in Paris as part of Poland’s Great Emigration. During the remaining 19 years of his life, Chopin gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon; he supported himself by sales of his compositions and as a piano teacher. After some romantic dalliances with Polish women, including an abortive engagement, from 1837 to 1847 he carried on a relationship with the French writer Amantine Dupin (pen name “George Sand”). For most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris in 1849 at age 39.

The Chopin Statue stands in the upper part of Warsaw’s Royal Baths Park  (Łazienki Park), adjacent to Aleje Ujazdowskie (Ujazdów Avenue). It was designed in 1907 by Polish artist Wacław Szymanowski for its planned erection on the centenary of Chopin’s birth in 1910, but its execution was delayed by controversy about the design, then by the outbreak of World War I. The statue was finally cast and erected in 1926.

During World War II, the statue was destroyed by the occupying Germans on May 31, 1940. According to local legend, the next day a handwritten sign was found at the site which read: “I don’t know who destroyed me, but I know why: so that I won’t play the funeral march for your leader.” The original mould for the statue, which had survived the war, made it possible to cast a replica, which was placed at the original site in 1958. At the statue’s base, since 1959, on summer Sunday afternoons are performed free piano recitals of Chopin’s compositions. The stylized willow over Chopin’s seated figure echoes a pianist’s hand and fingers.

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1. Warsaw, Poland– one of Warsaw’s landmarks visited on every Sunday during the Summer for free of charge open-air Chopin music piano recitals, very popular among tourists and locals. Szymanowski’s statue was the world’s tallest Chopin monument until the unveiling, on March 3, 2007, of the slightly taller, modernistic bronze in Shanghai, China.

2. Poznań, Poland – before WW2 the wooden copy of Chopin’s statute in 1:2 scale was given to Wielkopolskie Museum in Poznań (today the building houses the National Museum in Poznań).  The statue was destroyed by the Nazis during the war

3. Paris, France – Barbedienne studio, 1926 – Szymanowski worked on the statue in Paris, when it was ready it was transported to Warsaw and placed in Łazienki park. The ceremony was held on November 14, 1926

4. Hamamatsu, Japan – Act City Hamamatsu – a 1:1-scale replica of Szymanowski’s statue is set on the roof garden of one of the buildings composing “Act City Hamamatsu”. “Act City Hamamatsu” is a big complex of a few buildings in which are concert halls, convention halls, museums, exhibition halls, offices, hotels and shops. Its construction was sponsored by Hamamatsu city and private enterprises, and completed in 1994. It is located just a few minutes from JR Hamamatsu station. The roof garden where we see the copy of Chopin monument on the “Chopin’s hill” is named “Square of Relaxation”. The copy of the monument was set in commemoration of the 1990 agreement of musical and cultural exchanges between Hamamatsu city and Warsaw city. The bronze statue was made by a Japanese company. Hamamatsu city tries to make the monument as a symbol to present itself as a city of culture and music.

5. Chicago, Illinois, USA – project to erect Warsaw Chopin monument replica in Chopin Park in Chicago. The year 2010 marked the 200th anniversary of the birth of Frederic Chopin. In honor of Chopin’s contribution to music “We The People of Chicago” want to bring Chopin to Our City and to erect a copy of the famous Art Nouveau Chopin Monument in Warsaw’s Royal Baths Park here downtown in Chicago. It will be a fitting tribute to commemorate the 200th anniversary of one of the most influential composers ever. The intent to locate Chopin’s monument in one of Chicago’s tourist hotspots – Chicago Grant Park, section between 11 St. & South Michigan Ave. and Museum Campus- Metra Station , will expose it to the greatest number of people of Chicago and tourists alike. Temporary name for the project “Chopin Garden”. It will be another architectural jewel in the crown of Chicago architectural marvels. More about the project: http://www.chopinmonumentinchicago.com